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Symbols and Gods: the Mixture of Our Different Cultures

cult1 - Symbols and Gods: the Mixture of Our Different Cultures

If you are an avid fan of history, you will notice that certain symbols have been used and reused throughout history. Today, Faculti Media takes you through the concept of mixed symbols in history. There are many reasons why cultural symbols and symbols of faith have found their way to different parts of the world.

Here are some reasons:

Transient Communities

Humans have always carried the symbols of their faith with them no matter where they went. It was a well-know fact that early human societies used to carve their holy symbols into surfaces.

However, as most early societies were transient and migratory, this meant that they had to start anew with their representation—their carvings had to be remade. Eventually, we developed the technology to carve statuettes in order to have mobile representation of the symbols of our faith.

If you are wondering what had ever happened to old symbols that were carved into walls and fixed objects, they are still there. However, as time went by, different societies and different cultures eventually settled in the places where other cultures once dwell.

As communities eventually stopped being primarily transient and started laying down better fortifications for prolonged stay, it was only natural that the old symbols would still be in place while better technology evolved in order to make non-static symbols of faith and belief.

Wars and Political Shifts

There were also instances wherein other cultures conquered others and the symbols of faith were adapted and utilized.

This is why sometimes different cultural symbols are found in the oddest locations. The symbols of faith and representation of power vary with time and depend on who is presently in power. One of the best examples of this in history is the Holy Kingdom of Jerusalem. It was once dominated by Muslims then a contingent of Catholics conquered the city. Mosques were torn down and were replaced with Christian symbolism.

However, if you know where to look, you will still find symbols of the signs of Muslim faith. There was a shaky peace that was kept between the Christians and the Muslims yet a reckoning was to be expected.  Eventually the Muslims took back the Holy Kingdom of Jerusalem. The symbols of the Christian faith were removed—at least they tried to.

When they could not fully remove all the symbols, they just tried to build over them. With the eventual reopening of borders and the imminent influx of people with their own different cultural beliefs, it was once again the norm to have different symbols of faith intermixing with each other.

You have to remember that building structures back then were not as easy as we do it today. As such, it was often easier to keep religious buildings intact. Instead of razing it to the ground, the conquerors merely built over old religious markings. As time went on, the newer symbols of faith eroded and the signs of older symbols were discovered.

The Concept of Syncretism and Eclecticism

This refers to the combination of many different beliefs and the blending of religious practices. If you study Greek and Roman mythology, you will eventually come across stark similarities between them. This is because the two cultures were so near each other and one came before the other. It was inevitable that there would be the porting of some beliefs which were changed to suit political needs.

The concept of eclecticism was also quite rampant. This referred to the use of arts and cultural practices that transcended one culture and utilized into another. While there might have been changes that occurred, it is quite clear where the source is from.

Why is it Important to Understand the Mixing of Religious and Cultural Symbols?

Like in all things, it is important to consider the source. Studying history has always been a good way to determine how far we have come as a society. What things have changed? What things remained the same? Why are certain cultural symbols almost similar but completely different in their meaning and context?

Some examples of this would be the Trident of Neptune. For all intents and purposes, Neptune’s trident is supposed to be the symbol of his power over the sea and whoever is in his domain. However, in later Christian symbolism, the devil is often associated with a pitchfork. The pitchfork is very much the image of the trident of Neptune.

Instead of conveying the concept of power and wisdom, it is now twisted into the symbol of evil. The reason behind these events and the questions listed above can be answered if we actively try to understand the mixing of religious and cultural symbols. To what end are the symbols utilized? What message are they meant to convey?

What is wonderful about humans and our history is the fact that the meaning of one thing today can be completely different a few years from now. Human culture and history is constantly fluid and nothing is exempt from this. We need to be able to keep track of the changing symbols and their contextual origin and shifts.

This will help to establish cultural identity for many. Understanding the past and our collective journey shall help us unlock our relationships better. They will also serve as very grim reminders of mistakes that have already happened. To be honest, it does not matter whose religion came first. Everyone has a right to religion. What we all have to keep in mind regarding looking to the past is how cultures were made. How were the old cultures destroyed? What have we lost as the same species?

These are the questions that studying the intermixing of religious and cultural symbols can help to address. We would like to suggest that you take a trip to your local library or museum and see for yourself what intermingling of religious and cultural symbols can be found there. Everyone’s local area is rife with their own history and enrichment of one’s cultural identity.

Foreign Language Learning: Do’s and Don’ts

foreign1 - Foreign Language Learning: Do’s and Don’ts

Learning a new language is always an exciting moment for anyone. Today, Faculti Media discussing some pretty important dos and don’ts when it comes to learning or teaching a foreign language. It is not everyday that you or your students get to embark on a journey toward learning a different language. It can be difficult at times but it is completely possible.

As an educator, it would be important to establish a positive learning environment. This will help facilitate better learning and absorption of the lessons. As a learner, there are some things that you need to keep in mind about the whole process. Here are a few Do’s and Don’ts when it comes to learning a new language:

Do: Pick the Language Beforehand

There is a lot of issue with learners who know they want to learn a new language but have not narrowed it down. There are a lot of languages out there with their own rules and syntax. In order to make the experience positive, it would be prudent to select a language of a country that you have an organic interest in.

Let your curiosity and love for a particular country drive your motivation when it comes to learning the language. Suitably identifying the language you want to study will help your mind become attuned to the little nuances of that particular language or dialect.

Don’t: Be Unrealistic About Your Progress

Learning a new language can take quite a bit of time and effort. There are a lot of learners out there that set out to be masters of a new language within a few months. This is completely unrealistic and can end up being detrimental to your progress as a student.

Instead of stressing over your progress, it would be good to just go with the flow of the lecture. While having a goal is good, it would be counterproductive for you to set an unrealistic goal. Give it a few sessions before you determine how long it would take for you to be proficient in the language that you are studying.

Do: Keep Track of Your Weaknesses

If there are certain things in the dialect that you find difficulty with, it would be important to keep track of it. That way, you will be able to provide specific attention to addressing a particular chink in your verbal armor—so to speak.

Keeping track of your weaknesses is not meant to dissuade you in any way. In fact, having a clear understanding of the areas that you need to improve upon can help your educator as well. If you approach your educator with a clear list of things you need help with, they will be able to direct their attention to those areas.

In so doing, you set yourself up for success rather than failure.

Don’t: Let Fear Overrule You

Learning a new language can be pretty intimidating—that much is true. However, you should not let fear permeate throughout the whole experience of learning the language. When you let fear in and take over, you will rob yourself of a pretty good opportunity and insight into another culture.

Yes, it can be difficult and wholly frustrating at times but do not let your fear of making a mistake or not succeeding take this opportunity away from you. Instead, take small breaks. Refresh your mind and start again.

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Do: Have Fun and Practice

The nice thing about learning a new language is that you will need to apply it in order to sink in. It is not something that you can only learn in theory. It is something that will need to be used in order to truly understand the nuances and different expressions.

Practicing is part of the fun. Pair up with other members in your class. Make it a point to run a dialogue of the language that you are learning together. Be constructive in your criticism and ask for the same. The sooner you become comfortable with using the language, the sooner you can master it.

Don’t: Ignore Media as a Source of Learning

If you attend an actual language class, you will learn early on that multimedia will be your friend. There will be tapes and even podcasts that are fully dedicated to teaching languages. Movies will be your best friend.

Movies have a way of teaching the little nuances of the conversational dynamics of different languages. Learners get to see how certain words are given life and taken beyond context. It is one thing to read about how a word is used and an entirely different thing when it is actually used in a conversation and in a social setting. You can learn the little cues that go into speaking a particular language.

Do: Prepare for a Lifetime of Learning

The beauty about language is that no matter how long you have been trying to learn it, you will still end up learning something new. New words, new idioms, new ways to say old things—you name it, language will have it.

The wonderful thing about language is that it is in a constant state of evolution. You can be proficient at a particular language and find that there are new words that you will add to your vocabulary. The same is true for any secondary language that you try to learn. Learning a language is a never ending process and that’s a great thing for anyone who always wants to continually better themselves.

Conclusion

As you can see, it does not take much to establish a positive learning environment for a new language. Learning a new language is always a great endeavor which comes with massive benefits. Not only do you arm yourself with comprehension when you finally visit the country origin of the language you are studying but you also get a clear look into the culture of origin country.

 With this, it is time to review your own classroom or learning environment. What ways can you further improve upon to reflect a wholly positive learning experience?

It’s All about Respect: Teaching Islamic Students Successfully

islam2 - It’s All about Respect: Teaching Islamic Students Successfully

In the field of education, there are many factors that need to be considered in order to achieve a positive learning experience. Today, Faculti Media discusses how to teach Islamic learners successfully. Islam is one of the oldest religions in our history. It is believed that it started around the 7th century and has a massive following around the world.

As such, it is completely natural to find followers of the Islamic faith in a classroom setting. If you are an educator, it would be important to be aware of the ways that you may unintentionally offend or insult them. This is something that should be done for all students and not just Islamic learners. However, as Islam has stricter rules regarding decorum and other occurrences, extra attention must be paid.

Every religion has its own rules, holidays, and guidelines. The only difference is that Islam tends to truly enforce their restrictions while other religions do not. If you happen to have Muslim students in your class, it would be good to take that as an opportunity for growth. It is also a good way to show your learners how a respectful environment can only lead to positive experiences.

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Here are a few reminders:

Avoid mixing genders in a single group

In the Islamic faith, certain followers may be more conservative than others. This is something that is true for all faiths, actually. When you have those who practice Islam in your classroom, it would be good to avoid mixing them in a single group for exercises or assignments.

While it is normal for them to be able to interact, that does not mean that putting them in a single group would be just as fine. Islam is a religion wherein for some gender separation is often required and enforced.

If you are uncertain how to approach the issue, give your class the opportunity to form their own groups. This will provide you a great idea on the group dynamics of your class and it will also provide you an idea on whether or not the Muslim learners in your class prefer to mingle or not. You will be able to use that for future activities and such.

Be mindful of special holidays

Ramadan is one of the biggest religious seasons for those in the Muslim community. Normally, those who practice the Muslim faith undergo fasting. When they fast, you can expect learners who are not at all energetic about the lessons or even in their class participation.

While this can be frustrating from an educator’s point of view, it is important to be respectful of their holiday. It would lead to better relationships in your classroom if you understand the reasons about the seemingly lethargic and unenthusiastic participation in your class.

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If you can, keep the lessons simple, do so. If they asked to be excused, that is up to your discretion as educator but keep in mind that fasting is not easy in the least.

Be sincere

There is nothing worse than getting pandered to. It ultimately comes off as fake and can lead to more awkward interactions rather than positive ones. As such, when interacting with the Islamic members of your class, be sincere in your interactions.

Unless you are teaching theology, keep your lectures off it

Yes, there is a lot of negative press about those in the Islam faith. However, this is not indicative of every single one of them. Just like there are good and bad people in any religion, the same applies to Islam. Just because you may not agree on some of their rules or articles of faith, it does not mean that you are entitled to discuss this in the classroom setting.

Keep your discussions on the topic of your lecture. Sociopolitical discussions may have their merits but it is important to be mindful of the people in your class. Just as we are certain that you would not want your faith attacked in the guise of “intellectual discourse”, you should afford the same respect to others.

Avoid any politically charged discussions in your class unless it is in line with your syllabus. If it is in line, be sure to give your student fair warning and assent to progress with the lecture.

Speak out against intolerance in your classroom

It is inevitable that there will be other students who are not as respectful as you are when it comes associating with other cultures. It is important that as an educator, you should be the first line of defense for all of your students.

Do not tolerate any forms and signs of discrimination based on religion in your class. It is important to address any issues as they occur and do not allow them to take root in the class environment. If you want to address the issue privately after class, it would be important to give involved students a verbal notice.

Remember that your learners are your responsibility and every moment is a teachable one and should be taken advantage of.

In Conclusion

Tolerance and respect are always good foundations for good relationships. When you are an educator, it is important that you are a role model for your learners. You must never be the first person to show intolerance or discrimination.

Islam is a religion and must be accorded respect. A classroom should be a place for positive growth and experiences. You can help your student achieve this by being respectful. If you spot any disrespectful actions being done toward anyone in your class, it is important to speak up and do something about it. Remember, when you do not take action at the sight of repression, you are part of the problem.

With that in mind, what ways can you show suitable respect for Muslim students in your class? What proven ways or techniques have you refined through the years? Were there any issues that arose? Share it with us so that we may share it with others!

The History of Life on Earth: Science That Changed the World

Radiation

The story of humanity has never been clean and simple. Throughout the history of our species, we have endured great tragedies, trials, and tribulations, yet we persist regardless.

Not only have we managed to survive, but we have also managed to influence the world around us in ways our ancestors could have barely dreamed of, with each generation seemingly poised, ready, to climb upon the shoulders of the giants who came before them to spy just one inch more of the unknown.

The discoveries of the human species are without count, with pieces of knowledge once thought lost resurfacing years, decades, sometimes even centuries later to influence the living. From medicines to entertainment (similar to casinos, online games and Casumo Bonus) the world is at the very start of an amazing journey.

Some discoveries are clear and uncomplicated in their influence, others permeate our lives in often unseen ways, visible only to those with the knowledge to see them.

Here, in this piece, we will explore five of the most vital discoveries that have influenced our life here on the planet.

1. Penicillin

Easily one of the most interesting discoveries in human history is the discovery of effective antibiotics – before anyone even knew what caused illness.

Penicillin, largely held to be the first modern antibiotic, was discovered in the early 1900s by Alexander Fleming.

Historians, however, have discovered that humans as early as those of the Ancient Egyptian civilisation utilised rotten or mouldy bread in the treatment of wounds.

Penicillin

Healers of the time frequently instructed patients to place rotten bread on open wounds, which seems to have been effective at promoting the healing of said wounds.

Interestingly, Fleming reportedly discovered penicillin by accident as well by inspecting mould which had grown in an accidentally uncovered petri dish.

The area around the mould revealed rings of bacteria-free space, prompting Fleming to investigate further. While his findings spread surprisingly slowly, given their potential for a medical paradigm-shift, by the 1940s, penicillin was in widespread use, turning illnesses that had once been matters of life-and-death into mere inconveniences.

The modern discovery of penicillin lead to continual investigation into the potential for more powerful, effective, and hypoallergenic antibiotics.

Without the seemingly simple accident that inspired Fleming’s research, however, infections might still be as deadly as they once were.

2. Radiation

The name Marie Curie is almost universally recognised, though few people know the details of why. Marie Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel prize and the only woman to date to win two Nobel prizes – one in physics and one in chemistry.

While the effects of radiation had been observed by previous scientists, Marie Curie was the first person to isolate it as a form of energy that is unique to certain materials. She was also the one who gave the strange phenomenon the name we know today, “radioactivity.”

Curie’s discovery threw physics as it had been understood into disarray, seeming to violate rules that had long been held as fact. Radioactivity forced physicists to reanalyze their assumptions about how energy functioned.

From this, thousands of discoveries cascaded, influencing science far beyond the school of physics; Curie’s discovery built the foundation for the future discovery of x-ray technology, the use of radiation therapy in medicine, and the design of spacecraft.

3. Pasteurisation

Louis Pasteur’s research into fermentation started out simple; he and his students wanted to understand what caused the souring of brewed beverages to see if the spoiling of flavour could be prevented.

The discoveries that resulted, however, changed the way humans consume nearly every form of food and drink. In the present day, we hardly think about the safety of the drinks we buy from the store, so reliable have they become.

Previous to the discovery of the pasteurisation process, and the building blocks leading up to that discovery, something as simple as a glass of milk could bring dangerous bacteria into the home, unbeknownst to all who would drink it.

Pasteurisation has applications for the creation of safe dairy products, teas, wines, beers, and more, but, more importantly, the discovery of pasteurisation led to a fundamental change in the way we approach food safety.

The general well-being of people all over the world was changed by the development of a seemingly simple process, and our refrigerators are full of safe, healthy foods that utilise processes that are fundamentally the same as those discovered by Louis Pasteur.

4. Television

The development of television broadcasting fundamentally changed the way most humans on Earth experience the world around them.

While radio broadcasting had connected the world in unprecedented ways, television allowed for the same level of connection and more by letting us see events as they unfold with our own eyes.

Since the advent of television broadcasting, humans across the planet have had a knowledge of world events, diverse cultures, and distant vistas that had never come close to existing previously.

The sheer amount of information taken in through television is hard to fathom; it was the norm for most of human history to be unfamiliar with just about everything outside of your town and nation.

The history of television began with the creation of the facsimile machine by Alexander Bain in the 1840s.

This invention sparked a chain of innovations in imaging technology that ultimately led to the creation of the first recognisable television sets in the 1920s.

The first televised program was a demonstration by John Logie Baird, who captured a feed of a ventriloquism dummy in motion. He was able to advance the technology to be able to capture human faces in video and transmit them via radio signal.

Early versions of the television were very limited in capability; however, they brought something entirely new to humanity. They brought the ability to see something completely remote in live action from the safety and comfort of the indoors.

Modern applications of television technology are innumerable.

From industrial micro-cameras that transmit video of potentially dangerous liquid leaks to high-definition cameras that fit in our pockets and transmit live video via cellular signal, the world has never been so well-equipped to share sights that would have been impossible before the rise of television technology.

5. PrEP

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is one of the most quietly important recent achievements in the world of medicine, being groundbreaking in the prevention of a disease that took the lives and caused the suffering of millions.

PrEP is a drug, taken by mouth in pill form, that prevents infection in individuals exposed to Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

Since its discovery in 1981, medical professionals have struggled against the spread of HIV.

HIV has come to be known as one of the deadliest pandemics in recent history, and was, in its early days, considered to be a death sentence, as HIV eventually progresses into AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.)

AIDS leaves sufferers with little to no immune response, making even common sicknesses deadly at later stages of the disease. Treatment has evolved significantly, extending the life expectancy of HIV positive people, but there is still no cure for the virus once an individual has been infected.

The lack of a cure, put in context with the stigma around the disease, is why PrEP has proven to be such an incredible development.

For much of HIV’s early history, it was known as GRID, which stood for “gay-related immune deficiency.” The fallacious belief that only gay men could become infected contributed to its spread.

Simultaneously, homophobia, misinformation, and politics contributed heavily to lack of treatment, research, and education on the disease.

The stigma around the disease has been recognised and noted by medical professionals for decades, many of whom had patients who avoided testing or treatment that could have greatly improved their health.

PrEP represents a discreet pathway to prevention which does not involve individuals coming under the excessive scrutiny and social stigmatisation that was once, unfortunately, the norm.

With PrEP becoming more widely available, it represents the current best shot at ceasing the spread of the disease entirely, having been shown by some studies to reduce the chance of infection after exposure by 86%.

Because of PrEP’s efficacy, it has become a rallying point for further education on prevention, management, and treatment of HIV/AIDS as a whole.

Many clinics, pharmacies, and hospitals now offer access to the medication in complete privacy, allowing at-risk individuals to prevent infection and become more educated on their health at the same time.

As time goes on, PrEP may help lead to the eradication of the disease, which is spread almost exclusively through person-to-person exposure.

Education and Down Syndrome: Methods and Strategies

syndrome - Education and Down Syndrome: Methods and Strategies

There are many different types of learners all over the world. In certain cases, the learner has a disability whether from birth or incident. Today, Faculti Media discusses learners with Down syndrome.

What is Down syndrome?

In medical terms, it is a chromosomal disorder wherein the person who has the disorder developed an extra 21st chromosome. A usual result would be impaired cognitive and behavioral development. The range of the impairment can vary from mild to extreme. While it is possible to diagnose Down syndrome while the child is in the womb, it can also go undetected until the child is born.

As there is an impairment of cognitive development, it is wholly understandable that learning ability of a person with Down syndrome is also affected. When this occurs, extra care and effort is required in their education. It can be difficult but it is wholly rewarding.

Today, we take a look at some methods and strategies on how to tackle special education.

Be Visual

Learners with Down syndrome often respond well to visual cues. This must be taken into account when establishing their learning space. Make use of colors and big bold letters that mark the space for learning.

If you are going to start teaching them, it would be important to make use of many visual aids. Make them attention grabbing and pleasant. They should be indicative of what lesson is being taught. Often, the concepts of the lessons can be difficult in coming. However, with the proper utilization of visual aids like colorful characters with clear emotional determiners, learning is completely achievable.

Keep the visuals simple as to not to overwhelm the learner. Too cluttered visual space can end up confusing the learner. There has been some discussion as to whether or not reading comes sooner or later for learners with Down syndrome. However, reading words often comes quite well to them.

When you plan your visuals place written word representations that correspond to the names of the things being used around the classroom. This will help them to closely associate the name of the object with the object itself. Visual cues can help the improvement and development of retention.

Be Engaging

When teaching someone with Down syndrome, it is important to keep in mind that they respond better to social interactions. This is why the concept of inclusivity is so important to those with Down. Engage them appropriately and encourage them to respond in kind.

Always speak directly to them in a clear and concise voice. Do not make use of long sentences. Economize your words. If there is anything that you can say in around six words or less, the better! Utilize your facial expressions to make sure that they can see what you are feeling.

In your lessons, utilize exercises that give them an opportunity to interact with the materials. Once again, remember to utilize visual cues in developing your materials. If you can make your materials bright and unambiguous, do so.

Be Patient

Those with Down syndrome will need some time to process all of the information that they are being given. It may not even stick for first several attempts. What is important is that your reign in your frustrations and facial expressions.

The learning environment must be a positive one that promotes growth for all involved. You cannot help a flower bloom if you stand there glaring at the seed for not growing fast enough. Even if you do not have a disability, learning takes time. Patience is not just a virtue in this scenario; it is a critically necessary thing.

Make it Social

Learners often absorb lessons better in a group setting. This also dissuades from the development of an over dependency of the learner on the educator. Learners with Down syndrome are typically known for their good social capabilities.

Putting them in a social setting will help them learn and slowly develop their own social cues.

Be Aware

Learners with Down syndrome may have triggers that can send them into an outburst. It is important to carefully take note of what upsets them and keep it out of sight until they have developed enough to tackle it on.

When there is more than one learner, give them space but watch them closely. It is important that the educator be on a heightened sense of awareness whenever the learners are about. This is to ensure that their needs are being met appropriately and that they do not pose any harm to themselves or others.

This is something that most people do not want to address but we are telling you this head on. Each learner will have their own developmental profile. It is important that the educator be aware of each learner’s profile. This can help the educator adjust the lessons or exercises accordingly.

The developmental profile will also include the motivations of the learner. The educator can make use of this to plan which activities are best suited to a particular learner.

Phonetics Friendly

There is a significant amount of learners with Down syndrome that have language delays. This can make it difficult for them to express what they want verbally. Having your lessons with an emphasis on phonetics can help stimulate the mind of the learners toward full words and expressions.

In Conclusion

Down syndrome is no longer the horrible thing that they used to refer to it as. Many learners with Down syndrome go on to lead full and successful lives. The world is changing to a better and more inclusive one so more and more opportunities for people with disabilities are being made available.

What is important that early on in their lives is that they get the necessary help that they need in order to learn what they will require to function independently. Whenever it gets a tad difficult, it is always important to remember that they did not ask to be born with Down syndrome. It is a genetic anomaly that could have happened to anyone.

Why is it Critical for Us to Enact Sustainable Fashion Practices?

fash - Why is it Critical for Us to Enact Sustainable Fashion Practices?

This website, as you may know, is dedicated to raising awareness for education. We also take time to discuss rather important concepts that serve to enlighten and empower our readers into understanding more about our world and what goes on in it.

Fashion and Humanity has long had a relationship. However, modern fashion practices leave much to be desired. Today, Faculti Media discusses the concept of sustainable fashion practices and why we need them.

Fashion is something that humans make use of to express their identity. Back in the day, nations used to use fashion as a way to establish their cultural identity as well. When the monarchies were alive and well in Europe, each monarch had their own particular style. They also dictated the style of dressing that their subjects would wear. When the monarchies were deposed, people then had the freedom to establish their own styles and trends.

In today’s world, fashion is a multi-million dollar industry. There is a constant demand for what is new and what is considered as the height of a fashionable trend. As such, manufacturers sought to produce more clothing at a fraction of the cost. As a result, fast fashion was born.

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What is Fast Fashion?

These are the pieces of fashion or clothing that is easy and cost effective to mass produce. It is the brands like Forever 21, H&M, and several others that continuously pump out more and more fashion sets and produces at a high rate.

Fast Fashion pieces are also notoriously bad regarding their quality. In the haste and affordability of the materials meant that it was something that could break easily. Not that it mattered to those who patronize fast fashion. As the prices of production were quite low, there was very little need to put on incredibly high prices on the product. As a result, fast fashion is often highly affordable.

How Does Fast Fashion Affect Consumers?

Fast Fashion is built on the need for “more”. More new outfits! More photos with these outfits! It caters to the concept of “FOMO” or Fear of Missing Out that is heavily subscribed to by the younger generations.

Fast Fashion builds a cycle of purchasing that is fairly consistent as fast fashion outlets will nearly always be on sale. This is due to the fact that their production is fast and they will need to clear out old stocks before the new stocks will come in.

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There will also be a fabricated sense of urgency in order to get rid of certain stock. There will always be “limited edition” pieces in order to stimulate the fashion addiction of many in our society has ended up developing. Fast Fashion consistently puts out substandard pieces because they know that no matter what, people will buy their clothes. It is after all, what is hip and trending.

How Does Fast Fashion Affect Our Environment?

Fast Fashion is all about what is new and trendy rather than what can last long and be timeless. In doing so, consumers now buy and throw out clothing at a really high rate that they are now filling up landfills faster than ever. Fast fashion is quickly becoming a reason why more and more of our resources are being depleted.

The burden of production often leads to massive factories rife with outsourced labor. These places do place the environment as a high priority. As such, a majority of the materials used are new and not recyclable. Thousands of pounds of fast fashion pieces find themselves thrown away in a month. Imagine that number after half year. Now imagine that number after a full year. Eventually we are going to run out of space. Not to mention the fact that the materials that are harvested for the production of fast fashion are depleting. It can mean an ecological disaster for our planet.

fash - Why is it Critical for Us to Enact Sustainable Fashion Practices?

What is Sustainable Fashion?

A concept that sprung in the 1980s, sustainable fashion is all about fashion and fashion design utilizing sustainable materials. Sustainable in the sense that it hails from a system or a source that can continue to replenish itself naturally without putting any additional burden on our resources.

Sustainable fashion is all about minimizing the harmful effects of fast fashion upon the environment. Sustainable fashion is also all about the rise of ethical shopping and social responsibility.

Why Do We Need Sustainable Fashion?

Much like the concept of fast food, too much of the stuff is ultimately bad for your arteries. This is why home cooked meals are such a popular thing. Home cooked meals are far healthier in terms of quality and substance. The same concept applies to sustainable fashion.

Sustainable fashion prides itself on clean production. This means that the way sustainable fashion pieces are manufactured does not make use of any aids or chemicals that are highly harmful to the environment.  We need sustainable practices in order to have a healthy market of consumption. Humans will not stop consuming things—that much is true.

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What must be done is to change what we consume and how we consume it. Sustainable fashion is often made of fibers which are gotten from all natural materials like Alpaca wool. It is something that remains in abundance and will consistently grow in a fast rate. The farmers that keep them will have a consistent source of income. It is a healthy market that benefits all.

As sustainable fashion is considered slow fashion, there is a natural cycle that is kept that does not force sources to strain their production. As such, if the source of the materials is animals, they are treated more ethically as opposed to fast fashion.

Sustainable fashion is highly recyclable. In the event that it is thrown out, it will decompose naturally unlike the synthetic fibers that are often found in fast fashion. Many celebrities and fashion establishments are moving away from fast fashion after seeing the harm it does to people and the environment.

Will you make the much needed move to sustainable fashion?

The 7 Literature Pieces That Continue to Energize Humanity

lit2 - The 7 Literature Pieces That Continue to Energize Humanity

Ever since humanity discovered writing, there have been some high energy pieces that continue to energize humanity. Today, Faculti Media takes a closer look on seven particular literature pieces.

What is Literature?

Literature is what is referred to as published written works that are normally considered to of a higher standard. They are even considered to be some of the oldest forms of art. There are many genres that fall under literature and many of them have affected people throughout the ages.

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Literature, particularly the truly classic ones have a different sort of power in their ability to inspire thought and illicit opinion. Literature even has a way of dividing people without meaning to. It is this energy that continues to affect people. Battles have been fought and governments have been formed because of ideals that were gotten from pieces of literature.

Without further ado, here are seven literature pieces throughout history that continue to energize humanity:

1.)  The Republic
Plato

It was in about 380 BCE, Plato had published The Republic. It was here that observations regarding the concepts of justice. It discussed heavily the concepts of politics and how it affected how justice is viewed and meted out.

This literary piece inspired many a budding leader back the annals of history. It even continues to this very year in our history. The thought provoking precepts in Plato’s book continues to inspire and provoke conversation and discourse. Many historians make use of the words to paint a clear picture of how life was in Greece back when Plato was still alive and highly active in philosophy.

2.)  The Rights of Man
Thomas Paine

Everyone has heard of the French Revolution. Before the people of France overthrew their anointed king, it was utterly damnable to revolt against the standing government that had prevailed upon for centuries. It was not until the publishing of “The Rights of Man” that this changed.

This piece of literature presented the idea that political revolution was completely allowable when the standing government fails to protect and serve its people. It was truly a revolutionary piece of literature. At the time, it was the entire country that served at the leisure of their monarchs. The idea that the monarchs had to serve their people was a concept so utterly new and welcome that it roused the people from their misery.

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3.)  Moby Dick
Herman Melville

This great white whale is no stranger to everyone. While it was critically panned when it was first published, it has since been hailed as a true classic. The tale of one man’s all-consuming hunt for a creature of the sea was rife with symbolism that provoked many a conversation about the book.

It also presented a rather candid look upon how the whaling industry thrived at the time. This piece of literature has been a constant part of many summer reading lists for many students through the decades since its publishing.

4.)  Uncle Tom’s Cabin
Harriett Beecher Stowe

If there was any form of literature that drastically changed the view of many upon the concept of slavery, it was this one. This book opened the eyes of the American public to the inhumanity of the concept of having slaves. It was credited for laying down the groundwork for the American Civil War.

The concept of slavery was something that was thought as normal. It was not until this book that a truly frank perspective was given about how slaves were treated. It was a harsh reality. It sparked conversations that needed to be had and eventually galvanized people enough to fight for the liberation of the slaves in the Southern part of America.

 To this day, it continues to remind people of the evils of slavery.

5.)  On the Origin of Species
Charles Darwin

For as long as humanity was capable of analysis and existential thought, we have always wondered how we came to be as a species. At around the early 1800s a scientist by the name of Charles Darwin published a book that discussed some revolutionary ideas about the evolution.

It was through this book that scientists developed the theory and evolutionary model that they used to study animals and even humans.

6.)  The Interpretation of Dream
Sigmund Freud

The term “Freudian slip” exists because of this book. Sigmund Freud is hailed as one of the fathers of psychoanalysis and psychology. It was through this book that the concept of subconscious was described.

The analysis of dreams continues to this day—touted as messages from the mind or even maps to the person’s deepest thoughts.

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7.)  The Bible

Was there ever such a book to inspire nations to go to war within themselves and others? The Holy Bible is the basis for the religion of Christianity. It continues to be translated and republished to this day. This book has been used to calm, soothe, and in even the negative used as an excuse to dominate and discriminate against others.

Many a hot discussion is usually held when the teachings and certain passages of the bible are discussed at some length. People will always have their own interpretations of what it meant and the misunderstandings have long been the spark for revolutions and even crusades.

Literature and Education

Literature will forever play a role in the field of education. The lessons and worlds that they transport readers to continue invigorate and stimulate the growth of students everywhere. This is partly the reason why some of these books have become subjects of summer reading lists for primary and secondary schooling. Some of these have also had courses dedicated to them in university.

Literature will always have a special part in educating many. We are certainly glad for the role that they play in our own journey of enlightenment and discovery. What continues to be clear is that literature has a certain power that all discover somewhere in their lives. Looking through the literature pieces above, which ones have you read? Which are the ones are you planning on reading?

Are They Invisible? Helping Out Those Who Cannot Afford an Education

help3 - Are They Invisible? Helping Out Those Who Cannot Afford an Education

Education is everyone’s right. This is a truth that no matter who will tell you otherwise. Today, Faculti Media will talk about those who cannot afford an education and how you can help. In the earliest history of the world, there have been records of how our ancestors ran their communities. Everyone had a role.

There were the hunters, there were the gatherers, and there were those that took care of the children. In these early communities, it was clearly understood that in order for the community to survive, the education of all the children was of paramount importance. This carried on for many centuries. Regardless of what part of the world you were in, it was a universally accepted fact that the education of the youth is critical for the survival of the community.

However, later on in the more “civilized” forms of society the message got lost. Education was now for those who came from families with money. What was worse is that someone had the terrible idea to keep education solely for the male population. The girls were kept at home and taught how to sit and look pretty. Their sole purpose was merely to attract a husband and bear children.

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Our journey as a society has warped so many concepts that once bound us all together. There are millions of children the world over who are not able to afford an education. Worse yet is that there are those who cannot even seek an education even if they tried. These are the youth caught in the middle of wars and have to flee.

While there are the established organizations like those in the UN that try to lend a hand, they have their own rules and regulations that often keep them from being able to fully help. Even if they could, there are far too many to successfully help at the same time. For the most part, it seems that the people caught in wars or bad economic straits are invisible. They are the ghosts of the system that everyone knows about but only a few get to see.

There needs to be a massive change. We all need to do our part. What is sad is that in your own very community, there will be those that are unable to afford a proper education. Here are some of the ways that you can help:

Volunteer

There is nothing that is as strong as the heart of a volunteer. In your local communities, it would be best if you try to find any organizations that are wholly dedicated to helping out the disenfranchised and those who are dedicated to helping those who cannot afford an education. If you can and are able to, volunteer some of your time and your skills to tutoring or putting a class together.

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Just a few hours of your time can mean a world of difference for those who normally would not be able to receive an education. Before you choose an organization to volunteer with, it is important that you make sure they have:

Necessary Paperwork

If you are looking for an organization to work with, it is important to see if they have proper documentation. The last thing you would want is to work for an organization that turns out to be sketchy. Check first and foremost if you are working with a non-profit or for-profit organization. Each has their own rules on handling events and projects.

Organized Effort

While it is great to talk about ideals and what plans there are to help out. It is an entirely different thing to enact the plans into quantifiable action. See if the organization you are planning to work with has clear representation. Who is at the head? What projects have they enacted before? Having a clear understanding of the history of the organization can help you get a stronger idea of the positive change you can enact.

Donate

If you do not have the time to volunteer your time or your skills, it would be good to donate toward organizations and charities that have education as their core mission. You do not even have to give a large sum. Every little amount helps. It is just important that you check out the organization that you give your hard earned money to. You need to make sure that they have:

Transparency

Money is no joke. It is not easy to earn and it is a highly precious commodity to those who do not have it. Even a few bit of money can mean the world of difference to those who are going to be receiving grants from charities or organizations. This is why it is critical that the organization that you choose to donate to has transparency.

There needs to be a clear paper trail on where the money is going. It is best if you do due diligence before you part with your hard earned money. Find out if the organization you are giving your money to can be trusted. While it would be great to simply hand over the money directly, taxing laws can be quite a hindrance to it.

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Raise Awareness

If you want to do more, it would be important to get the word out about the cause that you are supporting. If you have found any good avenues to provide your skills or money, it would be great if you were to spread the word about it.

In order to be able to truly help the needy (particularly when education is involved) it would be great if more people can be part of the solution and not the problem. We all need to work together in order to raise everyone up and provide good educational opportunities to those who have not been fortunate enough.

Knowledge is power. The more people know about the issue of those who cannot afford and education and how they can help, the better. What ways do you plan on helping those who were not fortunate enough to receive an education?

The Vast Importance of Parents to the Concept of Education

st2 - The Vast Importance of Parents to the Concept of Education

When it comes to teaching the young, the first line of engagement will always be the parents. This is a universal truth that has not changed one bit. Today, Faculti Media looks deeper into this concept. When a child is brought into this world, it is pretty much expected that the parents will the primary source of care for the critical years of the child’s life.

Care is not just about keeping the child alive. It is the responsibility of the parents to ensure that the child is given a proper education. This does not simply mean enrolling the child with a good school. This involves preparing the child before they even start school. Here are a few basic things:

  • Color recognition
  • Basic alphabet
  • Complete sentences
  • Finger counting

These are a few things that any parent can teach. Education of a child is not limited to what is listed above. Rudimentary skills like being able to hold a spoon or fork is under the jurisdiction of the parents. It is the parents that build the foundation of the child’s future learning capabilities and skills.

The Role that Parents Play

Everything starts with the parents. Psychologists and pediatric doctors will all tell you that what the child grows up to be is heavily reliant on what the parents are like. Here are some of the things that parents have a hand in developing in their children:

Study Habits

Parents lay the foundation for the study habits that their children will have. No one is born wanting to study—that would be ridiculous. Instead, we have parents enforce dedicated time to study lessons. These can turn into established habits for when the child is grown.

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Study habits are important as this will be the foundation of other habits like the ability to commit to a task or an agreement. It does not even have to be a full on study session. It could be something as simple as setting aside a bit of time each day for reading or doing an educational activity together.

If there is no such enforcement, children’s study habits end up suffering as a consequence. Studies have shown that children that have no taught study habits often have trouble coping with the progression of lessons. Everyone needs support at the start. If the parents do not provide this support, the child can end up behind their peers.

Educational Preferences

Every person has something that they prefer personally. A parent needs to be able to keep an eye on what their child seems to prefer. A parent is at the perfect position to spot any particular preferences and carefully cultivate it.

Parents need to take an active role in spotting what their children like to learn about. It is something that should not be left for the educators to discover. The first three years of life, the child is primarily with the parent—that is a LOT of time to spot what interests the child.

Again, everyone needs help at the start. You can have the raw materials in your grasp but if you do not know what to do with it, nothing will happen. A parent can carefully guide and nurture their kid’s favorites. Remember, behind every successful child athlete or musical virtuoso were parents who spotted the talent and helped the child cultivate it.

Information Filter

The sad truth about the world is that there are things that you will rather your child not learn about. As parents, you will be at the forefront of what your child will and should learn. A parent must filter out the information that is appropriate for children of a certain age.

This is particularly important as more and ore parents make use of gadgets to help keep their children entertained. They even make use of it for educational purposes. YouTube is a popular way to expose kids of educational videos. However, there are unscrupulous people out there that put harmful content in the guise of educational videos.

For example, there was once a group of adults that would wear costumes of Spiderman and Elsa of Frozen and have them act out mature scenes. There has been many a child that has seen their work before it was brought to the attention of YouTube executives. While YouTube does have a liability toward the content that they allow on their platform, the primary responsibility is toward the parents.

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If parents took the time to pre-screen what their children will be exposed to—especially when they are still young—can mean the world of difference to what they will end up seeing. What parents do need to understand is that this role changes over time. Parents cannot and should not continue to control information when their children are past a certain age.

Play-oriented Learning (for young children)

No matter how good your educational materials are, if your delivery is not well received, there is no positive learning that will occur. Instead, the child will correlate any ‘learning’ as a chore and a hassle rather than something that will be looked up on as a new opportunity to discover something new.

Children have a natural instinct for discovery which should be utilized appropriately.

The Challenge Continues

Parents still continue to play a role in the education of their children no matter what the age will be. It is a fact of life that no matter how old children get, they will still turn to their parents for wisdom. The focus may no longer be the things that you can pick up in the classroom but the learning still continues.

What the parents need to find now would be the balance of finding just how to present that information. The parents also need to be able to judge when it would be better to let their child learn the lesson through practical experience.

Speaking directly to the parents out there today: what challenges with your role in education have you faced?

History Perspective: What Went on After Napoleon Bonaparte Lost?

nap - History Perspective: What Went on After Napoleon Bonaparte Lost?

After Napoleon Bonaparte’s dictatorship of France and several other parts of Europe, everyone had a lot to do to restore the peace. Today, Faculti Media takes you through history and back to post Napoleon Europe.

Who was Napoleon Bonaparte?

There have been a lot of short jokes directed at this notorious history figure. Everyone has probably heard of the French Revolution. This was a time in French history wherein the masses had finally had enough of their terrible living conditions.

At this point in history, France was severely bankrupt. This was in part due to the many wars and small skirmishes that the monarchy had launched against the other European superpowers, Spain and England. It was also because the monarchy and the nobility were not at all paying taxes. Instead, they continued to live lavishly and ate plenty.

So the people took up arms and abolished the monarchy. The First Republic of France was established. While France was supposed to be recovering from the monarchy and rebuilding themselves, an enterprising young General took over the Directory via a coup d’état. While Napoleon tried to maintain a farce as “first consul”, it was plain that he was establishing a dictatorship.

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As if it was not bad enough, Napoleon had a history of bad military strategies that had ended up in several failures while he was previously in Egypt. It was in 1802 that Napoleon was “voted” as First Consul for Life.

Several years later, he was once again ‘voted’ but this time it was for the post of Emperor of France. That was something was pretty odd given that the people had already abolished a monarchy yet “voted” an Emperor into power. If you study the annals of history you will know that these elections were heavily rigged by Napoleon’s supporters and even his brothers.

It was a thoroughly deplorable time in history. In the years that followed, Napoleon went on to conquer and enter into wars with other surrounding countries. At the very height of his rule, Napoleon had nearly conquered most of Europe. It was not until 1814 that Napoleon suffered massive and critical losses and was isolated to the island of Saint Helena.

What happened after Napoleon?

Europe underwent a recovery period and shaky peace. The rulers and government leaders of other European nations all unanimously agreed that they did not want another Napoleon situation on their hands. It was the year after Napoleon’s downfall that the great powers of Europe all convened at the Congress of Vienna.

It was during that congress that they all renegotiated and established the boundaries between nations. They also negotiated treaties where nations agreed to help each other and pull together if ever a single nation were to get out of hand again.

France

In France, Napoleon’s successor was King Louis XVIII. This Louis was the brother of the previous king who had been executed following the French Revolution. At this point in time, it was still quite fresh in the mind of the new king what had happened to his brother. As such, he focused on the idea of starting over as a fresh nation that did not have any of the stain or frivolities of the previous monarchs.

A sort of Bourbon restoration had occurred after Napoleon’s fall. The people of France were wary of a return of the ways of the old royal family. They were also wary of the negative international opinion that was currently held about France.

The time after Napoleon was tough as there were the factions that wanted to restore him to power. There were also those that wanted to make sure that he never came back. It was a tumultuous time and everyone seemed to be on edge.

nap - History Perspective: What Went on After Napoleon Bonaparte Lost?

Poland

Poland was a nation that was deemed non-existent by Napoleon. However, it was reinstated by the Congress of Vienna and was put under the control of Czar Alexander I. While he tried to do right by Poland, he quickly came to realize that liberal reforms were only good in theory and not in actual practice—at least, not the way he saw it.

The Polish people were quick to grow tired of the Czar’s style of ruling and Polish Nationalism started to gain traction. It was something that was to be expected, if you really think about it. After losing their identity, they are now captained by someone that was not Polish. It was during this time in Polish history that the concept of secret societies began to gain traction.

Great Britain

Britain was undergoing massive reformation and revolt after Napoleon was deposed. Parliament was primarily composed of the aristocracy and they were rather tone deaf toward the needs of the masses. It was during this time that the Peterloo Massacre occurred—a national scandal that had rocked the country.

Britain was undergoing a palpable shift in its masses. The people, seeing some of the merits of the Napoleonic code of liberal thinking, wanted to apply some of the rights that were made available for the everyday person. This, of course, was perceived as a threat by the aristocrats who still held a majority of the power in terms of politics.

The Path to Peace

The road was not easy and would continue to be rocky for many years to come. A majority of Europe’s leaders were all wary about triggering a revolt. At the same time, they also did not want to return to how things were prior to Napoleon. The masses, in general, were more aware of their ability enact change upon their countries and their governments.

Those who wielded political authority remained within a constant state of anxiety. They worried about imposing their own rules and successfully striking a balance with the awakening masses. It was during this point in history that peace was tenuous and eventually the withdrawal of Britain from any further congress activity by 1822 certainly put a damper on the peace.

Napoleon certainly left a more liberal minded world after his rule.